Things to know about high blood pressure

Blood pressure is the measurement of blood that flows through the arteries. It can lead to very serious health problems when the levels get too high. Approximately 1 in 3 adults has high blood pressure in the United States. High blood pressure, known as hypertension, can lead to deadly health conditions, including vision loss, heart failure, stroke, and kidney disease if not treated.

blood pressure chart

The blood pressure categories


Pressures of less than 120/80 are considered normal range. If your numbers fall in this category, stick with your regular healthy habits. Eat a healthy balanced diet and exercise regularly.


Elevated pressure is when your blood pressure readings are 120 -129 and less than 80. Falling into this category, usually means that you may develop hypertension unless steps are taken to control it.

Hypertension Stage 1

In this stage of hypertension stage 1, your pressure ranges from 130 – 139 / 80 – 89. At this point, your doctor may talk to you about getting your pressure down or prescribe medication to help. Usually your doctor would start by prescribing lifestyle changes, especially if you have a family history of heart attacks or strokes.

Hypertension Stage 2

In hypertension stage 2, your pressure ranges at 140/90 or higher. When reaching this stage, doctors usually prescribe a combination of blood pressure medication and lifestyle changes to bring the pressure down.

Hypertensive crisis

This stage of hypertension requires immediate attention! You should call your doctor if your pressure reading is unusually high. You may be experiencing a hypertensive crisis. If your blood pressure is 180/120, you may have signs of chest pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness, weakness, change in vision or speech. Call 911 immediately, don’t wait to see if it comes down.

Checking your blood pressure

high blood pressure

Most of us have our blood pressure checked when we go to our scheduled check – ups or doctor visits. Having your own blood pressure monitor Can benefit those who are not as healthy and don’t see the doctor regularly. Having a monitor handy around the house is always convenient. 

When your blood pressure rises, it is usually a sign that something is going on with your body. Detecting the warning signs early can save lives. The whole family can benefit from having a blood pressure monitor handy.

Causes of hypertension

  • Age
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • Diet
  • Excess salt intake
  • Some medications
  • Family history
  • And more reasons not mentioned

Some tips to avoid hypertension

Avoiding hypertension is not all that hard, unless you have an illness. If you packed on some extra pounds, losing that extra pounds will bring your pressure down. Your pressure increases as your weight increases.

Exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet is the key for controlling your blood pressure. Reduce sodium in your diet, because too much salt puts you at risk for having hypertension.

Too much alcohol, smoking and caffeine is also bad for you. At the same time trying to control your stress levels will help you significantly. Sometimes it is hard with all the things going on in life, but take a deep breath and relax.


Cut back on salt, load up on fruits and veggies, and round out your meals with whole grains, fish, poultry, nuts, legumes, and low-fat dairy.


Millions of people around the world are diagnosed with border line high blood pressure known as hypertension. The key is to get it in control and do the necessary steps to keep it lower. Following the tips above will help to manage your blood pressure. Aerobic or cardio exercises are great for lowering your blood pressure. If you don’t have access to use the machines, just walking is fine, as long as you get your exercise. You can live with hypertension as long as it is treated and kept in control. Keeping a healthy weight for your age and height is key.

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